After a period of under-investment in technical courses, community colleges and universities are now creating teaching environments that prepare their students for successful careers in today’s manufacturing workplace.
What is an Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT)?
Definitions of AMT vary in degree, but common factors include the application of information technology to manufacturing operations that allow a common information processing base. Manufacturing using advanced technology may involve sophisticated fabrication, assembly, finishing, and quality control equipment incorporating microprocessor-driven control systems, lasers, computerized robots, optical scanners, and other new materials and processes. 
What are the key challenges of teaching AMT for higher education?
The view of manufacturing today is still the traditional large-scale, repetitive, and unskilled working being performed in an assembly line. Advanced manufacturing is changing the way items are being built, and is ultimately good for the community. It uses technology in both its process and its products, offers good wages, and provides employment opportunities for a variety of different skill levels and educational backgrounds.
Because it engages with new technologies, advanced manufacturing is dynamic and changing. It requires a workforce flexible enough to not only accommodate innovation but to thrive in changing and sometimes uncertain industries. These key challenges can be summarized in the following three points 
Changing the perception that manufacturing is dull, repetitive work that’s out of step with the growing creative economy
Industrial globalization coupled with an influx of new innovations, technologies, customer-driven products
Lack of advanced manufacturing systems at facilities for hands-on training